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DBUtility  

2010-06-03 16:40:02|  分类: C#技术 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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using System;
using System.Configuration;
using System.Data;
using System.Data.SqlClient;
using System.Collections;

namespace PetShop.DBUtility {

    /// <summary>
    /// The SqlHelper class is intended to encapsulate high performance,
    /// scalable best practices for common uses of SqlClient.
    /// </summary>
    public abstract class SqlHelper {

        //Database connection strings
        public static readonly string ConnectionStringLocalTransaction = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["SQLConnString1"].ConnectionString;
        public static readonly string ConnectionStringInventoryDistributedTransaction = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["SQLConnString2"].ConnectionString;
        public static readonly string ConnectionStringOrderDistributedTransaction = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["SQLConnString3"].ConnectionString;
        public static readonly string ConnectionStringProfile = ConfigurationManager.ConnectionStrings["SQLProfileConnString"].ConnectionString;        
        
        // Hashtable to store cached parameters
        private static Hashtable parmCache = Hashtable.Synchronized(new Hashtable());

        /// <summary>
        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns no resultset) against the database specified in the connection string
        /// using the provided parameters.
        /// </summary>
        /// <remarks>
        /// e.g.:  
        ///  int result = ExecuteNonQuery(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "PublishOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        /// </remarks>
        /// <param name="connectionString">a valid connection string for a SqlConnection</param>
        /// <param name="commandType">the CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)</param>
        /// <param name="commandText">the stored procedure name or T-SQL command</param>
        /// <param name="commandParameters">an array of SqlParamters used to execute the command</param>
        /// <returns>an int representing the number of rows affected by the command</returns>
        public static int ExecuteNonQuery(string connectionString, CommandType cmdType, string cmdText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters) {

            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();

            using (SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(connectionString)) {
                PrepareCommand(cmd, conn, null, cmdType, cmdText, commandParameters);
                int val = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
                cmd.Parameters.Clear();
                return val;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns no resultset) against an existing database connection
        /// using the provided parameters.
        /// </summary>
        /// <remarks>
        /// e.g.:  
        ///  int result = ExecuteNonQuery(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "PublishOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        /// </remarks>
        /// <param name="conn">an existing database connection</param>
        /// <param name="commandType">the CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)</param>
        /// <param name="commandText">the stored procedure name or T-SQL command</param>
        /// <param name="commandParameters">an array of SqlParamters used to execute the command</param>
        /// <returns>an int representing the number of rows affected by the command</returns>
        public static int ExecuteNonQuery(SqlConnection connection, CommandType cmdType, string cmdText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters) {

            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();

            PrepareCommand(cmd, connection, null, cmdType, cmdText, commandParameters);
            int val = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
            cmd.Parameters.Clear();
            return val;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Execute a SqlCommand (that returns no resultset) using an existing SQL Transaction
        /// using the provided parameters.
        /// </summary>
        /// <remarks>
        /// e.g.:  
        ///  int result = ExecuteNonQuery(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "PublishOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        /// </remarks>
        /// <param name="trans">an existing sql transaction</param>
        /// <param name="commandType">the CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)</param>
        /// <param name="commandText">the stored procedure name or T-SQL command</param>
        /// <param name="commandParameters">an array of SqlParamters used to execute the command</param>
        /// <returns>an int representing the number of rows affected by the command</returns>
        public static int ExecuteNonQuery(SqlTransaction trans, CommandType cmdType, string cmdText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters) {
            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
            PrepareCommand(cmd, trans.Connection, trans, cmdType, cmdText, commandParameters);
            int val = cmd.ExecuteNonQuery();
            cmd.Parameters.Clear();
            return val;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Execute a SqlCommand that returns a resultset against the database specified in the connection string
        /// using the provided parameters.
        /// </summary>
        /// <remarks>
        /// e.g.:  
        ///  SqlDataReader r = ExecuteReader(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "PublishOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        /// </remarks>
        /// <param name="connectionString">a valid connection string for a SqlConnection</param>
        /// <param name="commandType">the CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)</param>
        /// <param name="commandText">the stored procedure name or T-SQL command</param>
        /// <param name="commandParameters">an array of SqlParamters used to execute the command</param>
        /// <returns>A SqlDataReader containing the results</returns>
        public static SqlDataReader ExecuteReader(string connectionString, CommandType cmdType, string cmdText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters) {
            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();
            SqlConnection conn = new SqlConnection(connectionString);

            // we use a try/catch here because if the method throws an exception we want to
            // close the connection throw code, because no datareader will exist, hence the
            // commandBehaviour.CloseConnection will not work
            try {
                PrepareCommand(cmd, conn, null, cmdType, cmdText, commandParameters);
                SqlDataReader rdr = cmd.ExecuteReader(CommandBehavior.CloseConnection);
                cmd.Parameters.Clear();
                return rdr;
            }
            catch {
                conn.Close();
                throw;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Execute a SqlCommand that returns the first column of the first record against the database specified in the connection string
        /// using the provided parameters.
        /// </summary>
        /// <remarks>
        /// e.g.:  
        ///  Object obj = ExecuteScalar(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "PublishOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        /// </remarks>
        /// <param name="connectionString">a valid connection string for a SqlConnection</param>
        /// <param name="commandType">the CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)</param>
        /// <param name="commandText">the stored procedure name or T-SQL command</param>
        /// <param name="commandParameters">an array of SqlParamters used to execute the command</param>
        /// <returns>An object that should be converted to the expected type using Convert.To{Type}</returns>
        public static object ExecuteScalar(string connectionString, CommandType cmdType, string cmdText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters) {
            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();

            using (SqlConnection connection = new SqlConnection(connectionString)) {
                PrepareCommand(cmd, connection, null, cmdType, cmdText, commandParameters);
                object val = cmd.ExecuteScalar();
                cmd.Parameters.Clear();
                return val;
            }
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Execute a SqlCommand that returns the first column of the first record against an existing database connection
        /// using the provided parameters.
        /// </summary>
        /// <remarks>
        /// e.g.:  
        ///  Object obj = ExecuteScalar(connString, CommandType.StoredProcedure, "PublishOrders", new SqlParameter("@prodid", 24));
        /// </remarks>
        /// <param name="conn">an existing database connection</param>
        /// <param name="commandType">the CommandType (stored procedure, text, etc.)</param>
        /// <param name="commandText">the stored procedure name or T-SQL command</param>
        /// <param name="commandParameters">an array of SqlParamters used to execute the command</param>
        /// <returns>An object that should be converted to the expected type using Convert.To{Type}</returns>
        public static object ExecuteScalar(SqlConnection connection, CommandType cmdType, string cmdText, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters) {

            SqlCommand cmd = new SqlCommand();

            PrepareCommand(cmd, connection, null, cmdType, cmdText, commandParameters);
            object val = cmd.ExecuteScalar();
            cmd.Parameters.Clear();
            return val;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// add parameter array to the cache
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="cacheKey">Key to the parameter cache</param>
        /// <param name="cmdParms">an array of SqlParamters to be cached</param>
        public static void CacheParameters(string cacheKey, params SqlParameter[] commandParameters) {
            parmCache[cacheKey] = commandParameters;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Retrieve cached parameters
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="cacheKey">key used to lookup parameters</param>
        /// <returns>Cached SqlParamters array</returns>
        public static SqlParameter[] GetCachedParameters(string cacheKey) {
            SqlParameter[] cachedParms = (SqlParameter[])parmCache[cacheKey];

            if (cachedParms == null)
                return null;

            SqlParameter[] clonedParms = new SqlParameter[cachedParms.Length];

            for (int i = 0, j = cachedParms.Length; i < j; i++)
                clonedParms[i] = (SqlParameter)((ICloneable)cachedParms[i]).Clone();

            return clonedParms;
        }

        /// <summary>
        /// Prepare a command for execution
        /// </summary>
        /// <param name="cmd">SqlCommand object</param>
        /// <param name="conn">SqlConnection object</param>
        /// <param name="trans">SqlTransaction object</param>
        /// <param name="cmdType">Cmd type e.g. stored procedure or text</param>
        /// <param name="cmdText">Command text, e.g. Select * from Products</param>
        /// <param name="cmdParms">SqlParameters to use in the command</param>
        private static void PrepareCommand(SqlCommand cmd, SqlConnection conn, SqlTransaction trans, CommandType cmdType, string cmdText, SqlParameter[] cmdParms) {

            if (conn.State != ConnectionState.Open)
                conn.Open();

            cmd.Connection = conn;
            cmd.CommandText = cmdText;

            if (trans != null)
                cmd.Transaction = trans;

            cmd.CommandType = cmdType;

            if (cmdParms != null) {
                foreach (SqlParameter parm in cmdParms)
                    cmd.Parameters.Add(parm);
            }
        }
    }
}
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